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    成人本科学士学位英语水平统一考试

    2015年11月21日

    下午14∶00-16-00

    1. A. agent B. ahead C. alive D. along

    2. A. measure B. feather C. eastern

    D. peasant 3. A. fool B. tool C. boot

    D. foot 4. A. fork B. work C. port D. sort 5. A. tough B. rough C. enough D. though 6. A. window B. know C. flower D. flow 7. A. silence B. island C. rescue D. roast 8. A. there B. theory C. thought D. thorough 9. A. super B. supply C. suppose

    D. surround 10. A. furniture B. purpose C. nurse

    D. surprise

    Part II 词汇与语法知识(共30小题:每题0.5分,共15分)

    从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项,并在答题卡相应的

    题号后填涂选项。

    11. The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank is expected to ______ interest rates on Tuesday.

    A. raise

    B. lift

    C. charge

    D. vary

    12. Dialogue is ______ total loss unless ______ reader knows who is speaking.

    A. a; a

    B. the; a

    13. ______ you have the radio on so loud, John? I'm studying. C. the;

    A. Can

    B. Need

    C. Will

    D. May

    14. Is there anything the ______ with him?

    A. problem

    B. trouble

    15. A: ______? B: I'm a doctor.

    A. Who are you

    B. Where do you work

    C. What do you do

    D.

    How do you like your job C

    16. It was only when I reread these poems recently ______ I began to appreciate their beauty.

    A. that

    B. then

    C. until

    D. after

    17. There is no ______ in going to school if you're not willing to learn.

    A. reason

    B. cause

    C. point

    D.

    design

    18. You'll find this tourist map of great value in helping you to ______ London.

    A. get across

    B. get over

    C. get through

    D. get around

    19. Do you mind if I call you Ben? ----______.

    A. Never mind

    B. All right

    C. No problem

    D. Not at all

    20. The WTO cannot live up to its name ______ it does not

    include a country that is home to one fifth of mankind.

    A. while

    B. unless

    C. if

    D.

    though

    21. The reporter said that the UFO ______ east to west when he saw it.

    A. was traveling

    B. traveled

    C. had been traveling

    D. was to travel

    22. No matter what you say, I don‘t think he would be ______ refuse to help us.

    A. as selfish as to

    B. selfish enough

    C. so selfish as to

    D. enough selfish

    23. She died of heart failure ______ her life‘s work remaining unfinished.

    A. while

    B. with

    C. but

    D. before

    24. At no time and under no circumstances ______ the experiment.

    A. will I stop

    B. will stop I

    C. may I stop

    D. I will stop

    25. I think you ______ again.

    A. had better to try

    B. had to try better

    C. had better try

    D. had better tried

    26. I‘d like to hear some more ideas. ______ this matter, Mr. Turner?

    A. How do you think of

    B. What do you think of

    C. How is your idea on

    D. What is your opinion to

    27. She didn‘t feel like ______, so I suggested ______ the afternoon in the garden.

    A. working, spending

    B. to work, to spend

    C. to work,

    spending D. working, spend

    28. Weather ______, we shall begin to work tomorrow.

    A. permitted

    B. permitting

    C. permits

    D.

    is permitted

    29. She is as ______ as I am.

    A. a poor speaker

    B. poor speaker

    C. the poor speaker

    D. poor a speaker

    30. The laser beam (激光束) is also different from ordinary light beams

    in the way ______.

    A. on which it travels

    B. by which it travels

    C. through which it travels

    D. in which it travels

    31. Mary wishes that she ______ economics instead of literature when she was at college.

    A. had studied

    B. studied

    C. could study

    D. would study

    32. By the end of this month, we surely ______ a satisfactory solution to the problem.

    A. are finding

    B. will have found

    C. will be finding

    D. have found

    33. I wrote down his phone number ______ I should forget it.

    A. in case

    B. in case of

    C. in order that

    D. for fear of

    34. My aunt was seen ______ with great anger.

    A. fill

    B. to fill

    C. filling

    D. filled

    35. So badly ______ in the car accident that he had to be in hospital for

    a few weeks.

    A. did John injure

    B. John injured

    C. was John injured

    D. John was injured

    36. Her father insists that she ______ there until she finishes her scientific research.

    A. stayed

    B. should stay

    C. would stay

    D.

    will stay

    37. To become a doctor, ______.

    A. several years of study are needed

    B. several years of

    study is needed

    C. you need several years of study

    D. several years of

    study is necessary

    38. The number of nurses at the hospital ______.

    A. has increased

    B. were increased

    C. are increased

    D. have increased

    39. She believes that her son is ______ something stupid.

    A. so clever for doing

    B. too clever to do

    C. very clever as

    to do D. clever enough to do

    40. Tom talks ______ he knew everything about it.

    A. as

    B. as if

    C. though

    D.

    if as

    Part III 完形填空(共15小题:每题1分,共15分。)

    通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中

    选出最佳选择,并在答题卡相应的题号后填涂选项。

    Is there a dark side to the computer revolution? Do computers threaten

    our health or our society? The 41 of the matter, however, is that any new technology---computers included---has a 42 side.

    The problems caused by the computer revolution are quite different,

    of course. One similarity, however, is that computers are changing and will continue to change the 43 people live and work, much as the

    automobile did. Many assembly line jobs, 44 , will be taken over by robots and

    computer controlled machinery. Since many of these jobs are boring and 45 dangerous, that seems like a step in the 46 direction. But it

    is a big worry to the people whose jobs are threatened. One 47 to this problem has been developed, which is to give 48 jobs in the same

    company to employees controlling robots. With \

    matching without violating people's 51 to privacy when tracking down dangerous criminals is a

    ?problem now 52 discussed widely.

    matching without violating people's 51 to privacy when tracking down dangerous criminals is a problem now 52 discussed widely.

    Yet another problem is computer crime. Clever criminals are finding ways to 53 computer codes and transfer millions of dollars to their 54 . Last year the Wells Fargo Bank lost more than $20 million in this have to find ways to keep people from using computers against us.

    41. A. root B. reality C. cause

    D. fact

    42. A. dark B. bright C. strong D.

    weak

    43. A. way B. speed C. method D.

    course

    44. A. in part B. in return C. for example

    D. for fear

    45. A. till B. then C. yet

    D. even

    46. A. right B. wrong C. same D.

    opposite

    47. A. key B. solution C. reply

    D. means

    48. A. better B. safe C. other

    D. more

    49. A. help B. offer C. serve

    D. hope

    50. A. when B. who C. how D. where

    51. A. wish B. right C. plan

    D. desire

    52. A. being B. is C. to be D. been

    53. A. invent B. hunt C. break

    D. create

    54. A. pockets B. accounts C. bills

    D. checks

    55. A. exceeded B. extended

    Part IV 阅读理解(共15小题:每题2分,共30分。)

    阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳一

    项,并在答题卡相应的题号后填涂选项。

    1

    In the past, industrial goods were made to last for ever. If you bought a car, it was a once-in-a-lifetime investment. You paid good money for the article and you looked after it.

    Nowadays industry has persuaded us that its products can only last a

    very short time. It is cheaper to throw them away than to repair them.

    This has led directly to the waste of the earth's resources. Just think

    of the cars that are traded in daily simply because they are ―out of

    fashion.‖ Just think of the expensive packaging material that is thrown

    away each time a new article is bought---material which we consumers must

    pay for!

    Our industrial society has turned us into spoilt children. It is this terrible wastefulness that has got us into the mess we are in now. When

    there are no resources left, we will start to look after what we have. But why can't we act before this happens? Why can't we go back?

    to a society in which the prevention of waste is a virtue?

    there are no resources left, we will start to look after what we have. But why can't we act before this happens? Why can't we go back to a society in which the prevention of waste is a virtue?

    56. In the writer's opinion, it is a good idea for industry to make goods

    ______.

    A. that can last a long time

    B. that can last a short time

    C. according to customer order

    D. according to the latest style or model

    57. The writer suggests that what people should do with their old-fashioned cars is to ______.

    A.. buy new ones

    B. throw them away

    C. exchange them for new ones

    D. use them as long as possible

    58. Which word best describes the writer's attitude toward the throwaway culture?

    A. Positive.

    B. Negative.

    C. Neutral.

    D. Unconcerned.

    59. It seems that the way to get out of the whole mess people have got themselves into is ______.

    A. make more investments in industry

    B. produce more goods and services

    C. open up natural resources

    D. prevent and stop waste

    60. What is the best title for the text?

    A. Industry and Business.

    B. Producers and Consumers.

    C. Look after What We Have.

    D. Take Care of Spoilt Children.

    2.Both grocery stores and supermarkets sell food and household items such as soap, bulbs and matches. But a supermarket is usually much bigger than a grocery store. It is in fact so big that it is often divided into departments.

    There are other differences between most grocery stores and supermarkets. In a supermarket, customers usually serve themselves, that is, they walk around the store and pick out the items they need. Also, in most supermarkets, customers are required to pay cash for what they buy. That is, they cannot buy on credit (赊购).

    A large supermarket is a big business. Although primarily selling food items, supermarkets also handle other lines of goods which include housewares, school supplies, garden supplies, phonograph records, beer,

    camera film and supplies, toothpaste, aspirin, nylon stockings, toys, clothing, magazines and even bo oks. The supermarket tries to meet the housewife‘s every need so that when she leaves, she‘ll shop nowhere else. In order to attract customers, the supermarkets have tried to make shopping as pleasant as possible. Some of them have flowers and trees in the parking lots. Some have roofs over the walks that shoppers can walk from their cars to the store without having to worry about snow, rain or the hot sun. Ceilings are sometimes sound-proofed (隔音的), and music is piped in. Most of the supermarkets are air-conditioned (装有空调的). With these and other improvements, supermarkets are not limited to the United States. From Bangkok to Buenos Aires, the old-styled grocery stores are fast disappearing.

    ?In Europe, supermarkets have grown rapidly since 1975. There‘s no d oubt about it – more and more housewives around the world will soon be standing in the checkout (结帐)lines.

    camera film and supplies, toothpaste, aspirin, nylon stockings, toys, clothing, magazines and even bo oks. The supermarket tries to meet the housewife‘s every need so that when she leaves, she‘ll shop nowhere else. In order to attract customers, the supermarkets have tried to make shopping as pleasant as possible. Some of them have flowers and trees in the parking lots. Some have roofs over the walks that shoppers can walk from their cars to the store without having to worry about snow, rain or the hot sun. Ceilings are sometimes sound-proofed (隔音的), and music is piped in. Most of the supermarkets are air-conditioned (装有空调的th these and other improvements, supermarkets are not limited to the United States. From Bangkok to Buenos Aires, the old-styled grocery stores are fast disappearing. In Europe, supermarkets have grown rapidly since 1975. There‘s no d oubt about it – more and more housewives around the world will soon be standing in the checkout (结帐)lines.

    61. Generally a supermarket ______.

    A. is smaller than a grocery store

    B. sells the same items as a grocery store

    C. is bigger than a grocery store

    D. sells fewer items than a grocery store

    62. In a supermarket these days, ______.

    A. you can buy only food and household items

    B. you cannot buy medicines such as aspirin

    C. you are always allowed to buy on credit.

    D. you can buy food, household items and many other lines of goods

    63. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

    A. Some supermarkets have flowers and tree

    s in the parking area.

    A. Some supermarkets have flowers and trees in the parking area.

    B. Some supermarkets put up notices in the parking lots.

    C. Some supermarkets have roofs over the walks to protect customers from rain or snow.

    D. The ceilings of some supermarkets are sound-proofed.

    64. Supermarkets are ______.

    A. popular only in the United States

    B. not only popular in the United States but also in a lot of other countries

    C. popular all over the world

    D. popular in areas except the United States

    65. Which of the following statements is true?

    A. An increasing number of housewives will shop in supermarkets.

    B. Fewer and fewer housewives will shop in supermarkets.

    C. No housewives will shop in supermarkets.

    D. Old-style grocery stores will become more popular than supermarkets.

    3

    Years ago, when a man left school—if he went to school—he learned a job. He did this job all his life. Things moved more slowly then. He could be sure that his job would still be needed forty years later. In these days he could not be sure. There is so much change in factories, work and methods that what looks like a very good job now may not be needed in ten years. You have only to think of what the motor car did to people who bought and sold horses to realize what this can mean in human terms. Suddenly no one wanted horses any more. The people who worked with them were suddenly without work,

    or ?redundant‘(被解雇的;多余的)as we say today. Methods change and skills become redundant.

    Redundancy is the biggest problem the working man has to face today. Some experts think that?

    the working man of the future must expect to learn three or four different skills in his working life. This is because, increasingly, automation (自动化) will take over or some trades will cease to be needed. You cannot blame anyone for finding yourself in this position. If your job simply disappears, it is not your fault and you are not stupid. Losing your job

    Redundancy is the biggest problem the working man has to face today. Some experts think that the working man of the future must expect to learn three or four different skills in his working life. This is because, increasingly, automation (自动化) will take over or some trades will cease to be needed. You cannot blame anyone for finding yourself in this position. If your job simply disappears, it is not your fault and you are not stupid. Losing your job

    like this can cause problems for you: you may have to move to find work again; there may simply be no work that you can do.

    The British government recognizes that redundancy is not the fault of the man who is redundant. So today there is a system of payment to men who are declared redundant. Any man who has worked in the same job for at least two years is given a payment by his employer when he becomes redundant. The longer he has had the job, the more he gets. This money is a kind of compensation (补偿) for being in the wrong job at the wrong time.

    66. A man becomes redundant because ______.

    A. he did not go to school

    A. he did not go to school

    B. he did not learn a job

    C. things move faster and his job is not needed

    D. both A and B

    67. Years ago, ______.

    A. a man could rest assured that his job would still be needed 40 years later

    B. a man had to go to school and learn a job

    C. there was hardly any change in factories

    D. things moved fast

    68. When a man becomes redundant, ______.

    A. he only has himself to blame

    B. it means that he is stupid

    C. he should blame the government

    D. neither he nor the employer is to blame

    69. According to the passage, redundancy occurs mainly because ______.

    A. the number of factories is on the decrease

    B. the number of workers is on the increase

    C. there is a lot of change in methods and some skills become out of date

    D. the British government is irresponsible

    70. The passage is mainly about ______.

    A. changes in methods and skills

    B. the cause and effect of redundancy

    C. the British government‘s unwillingness to deal with the problem of redundancy

    D. compensation for workers in the wrong job

    Part V 短句识错(共15小题:每小题1分,共15分。)

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